Integrated Land and Resource Governance (ILRG) Quarterly Report October – December 2022

Key Accomplishments and Challenges

Mozambique: During the quarter, ILRG finalized its work with Green Resources AS (GRAS) in Zambezia and Niassa, and continued engagement with Grupo Madal on agricultural extension and land administration, with Green Resources on land delimitation and community management of forests, and on land administration in the context of disaster risk reduction in Sofala. During the quarter, the new National Land Policy was approved, including language underscoring the rights of communities to document local rights according to customary norms. With Grupo Madal, ingrower farmers were supported in raising coconut palms for upcoming planting. Within the outgrower areas, almost 1,000 new parcels were delimited. In the community forest management work, ILRG’s partner is helping the communities inventory their resources and plan for upcoming use of their plantation forests. ILRG supported the updating of previously delimited community lands in Ntacua. In Sofala, awareness-raising meetings were held alongside initial vulnerability mapping. ILRG is working with Terra Nossa to update its plans on disaster risk training. ILRG also began supporting the development of a public geoportal that will accept and show details of community land delimitations.

Zambia: In Zambia, ILRG convened two high profile community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) events on community forest management and on wildlife, which brought together diverse stakeholders to advance community partnerships with government on resource management. During the quarter, partner Wildlife Producers Association of Zambia (WPAZ) launched a national report on the status of the wildlife economy. ILRG continued to coordinate with a diverse group of wildlife management partners on combating gender-based violence (GBV) and increasing women’s effective participation in resource governance. The first cohort of chiefs completed the Chalimbana University Diploma on Traditional Leadership. With respect to land rights documentation, ILRG neared completion of documentation of rights within the wildlife areas of Chikwa and Chifunda Chiefdoms and completed a customary land administration information management system that will be rolled out with chiefdom secretariats in the coming quarter.

Ghana Deforestation-Free Cocoa: ILRG organized a final event in November, a workshop on the economic analysis of tree tenure. There was considerable momentum behind the imperative for tree tenure devolution, but the government remains skeptical of the feasibility of natural tree regeneration and seems to still prefer the mass distribution of seedlings without accompanying reforms.

India: This quarter marked the beginning of the potato season in West Bengal. ILRG continued to provide agronomy training to women farmers, including training on PepsiCo’s sustainable farming practices (SFPs) and potato package of practices (POP). A key accomplishment was that this year seven PepsiCo Agronomists started to deliver training to women independently, reaching 497 women farmers in 31 communities. Seven women’s land leasing groups (LLGs) and 11 women-led demonstration farms have planted potatoes and are receiving ongoing mentoring and support. ILRG partner Landesa provided land literacy training to 648 people (470 women and 178 men). ILRG provided ongoing training and mentoring to all Community Agronomists (CAs) and Field Agronomists, including off-season refresher training on gender equality and data collection. This season farmers are facing challenges with seed quality across West Bengal, with some farmers opting to plant table potatoes instead. PepsiCo is responsive to the issue, replacing seeds as possible, adjusting the cost, and providing recommendations to treat seed disease. As this is the final year of intervention, ILRG is focusing on data collection and analysis to make the business case for women’s empowerment. ILRG completed a pre-season survey in all 11 target communities and 29 communities where PepsiCo Agronomists are delivering agronomy training. ILRG continued to strengthen the capacity of PepsiCo local staff, distributing “how-to guides “on different interventions and orientation/support on POP training methodologies.

Liberia: In Liberia, ILRG continued support to the community lands protection process through grants to Green Advocates International (GAI) and Foundation for Community Initiatives (FCI) for work in 13 communities. Delays in finalizing the boundary agreements in Nimba County resulted from last-minute demands from community members for rechecking the boundaries. Traditional leaders are working to resolve any last-minute issues before work can be completed.

Malawi: ILRG has completed parcel documentation work in 20 group village headpersons (GVHs) in Traditional Authority (TA) Mwansambo and work continues in the remaining three new GVHs. Public display has begun in all 18 original GVHs, allowing community members to verify that the information collected during documentation is correct. Public display is complete in six GVHs, and ongoing in ten. Work in the remaining two GVHs is stalled due to a boundary dispute between the two communities while ILRG awaits resolution by the district land tribunal (DLT). Community land committees (CLCs) were elected in the five new GVHs and received training from both the Land Reform Implementation Unit (LRIU) and the ILRG gender consultant on the land documentation process and gender and social inclusion. This complements ongoing sensitization work by community gender champions as well as community radio programming with LRIU staff and traditional leaders.

Ghana WEE: The ECOM Ghana gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) strategy was finalized and successfully launched; next quarter, the Gender and Sustainability Specialist will meet with management staff in Ghana to share the 2023 implementation plan for the strategy to ensure that GESI activities are integrated into all business units’ annual work plans. Using the updated Good Social Practices (GSP) training manual that was revised with support from ILRG, ECOM continue to train farmers on harmful gender norms, land rights, and GBV, reaching 262 men and 425 women this quarter for a total of 1,521 farmers (405 men and 1,116 women) since the beginning of the activity. A total of 47 women’s village savings and loan associations (VSLAs) were established and trained, with 1,202 members. Over this quarter, the 47 VSLAs saved United States dollars (USD) 27,379.40 (USD 43,049.88 cumulative) and disbursed USD 24,370.92 (USD 29,777.88 cumulative) in loans to members. ECOM is supporting women planting alternative crops (maize and chili) and partnered with the Business Advisory Center (BAC) to conduct a needs assessment with the VSLAs to determine livelihood activities best suited for them and the area. To provide women with the skills needed to succeed as entrepreneurs, ECOM trained 860 women this quarter (1,003 women since the beginning of the activity).

WEE Crosscutting: A total of 12,677 women were reached this quarter, and 230,271 women have been reached by WEE-funded activities so far. During this quarter, the ILRG global Gender Advisor continued to provide technical support to local gender and social inclusion advisors, implementing partners, and grantees across all ILRG countries. WEE crosscutting communications efforts were centered around two key days: International Rural Women’s Day and 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence.

Madagascar: ILRG helped to facilitate the provision of land titles under the opération domaniale concentrée (ODOC), or mass land titling operation, in six communes of Ambanja District; the operation’s methodology has thus far reflected a commitment to upholding social and environmental safeguards like the inclusion of women’s names on land titles and careful mapping of the boundaries of protected natural areas. The long-term sustainability of the Sambirano Watershed Management Committee’s (COGEBS’s) support for resource rights seems tenuous, however, and some local stakeholders expressed frustration with what they perceived to be a lack of sufficient communication about the details of the ODOC (which is being undertaken in the area by the government, unrelated to ILRG), despite a series of radio broadcasts in late November to attempt to answer common questions about the process.

Other Activities: ILRG identified a new partner to support the free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) online training module development. With a slight delay, the work will continue early in 2023. The PPA submitted its final activity report and finalized a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with its United States government (USG) and private sector counterparts for a PPA III activity running from 2022–2027. ILRG subcontractor International Peace Information Service (IPIS) made progress on its fourth cycle of data collection on roadblocks and armed groups in mining communities in eastern DRC as well as a series of case studies on conflict financing. Progress was hampered by a deteriorating security situation, particularly in North Kivu province, where rebel group M23 has made gains in recent months.

Integrated Land and Resource Governance (ILRG) Quarterly Report April – June 2022

Key Accomplishments and Challenges

Mozambique: ILRG supported the National Land Policy review, including comments that were made in subsequent drafts. ILRG continued to advocate for Mobile Approaches to Secure Tenure (MAST) for land registration, including a technical meeting with the National Directorate of Land to compare MAST approaches with the MozLand methodology. ILRG completed initial work with Grupo Madal and launched subsequent work on gender and support to agricultural extension and further community delimitation. ILRG also neared completion of work with Green Resources SA (GRAS) on land disinvestment and continued to support community associations on capacity to manage forests. Finally, ILRG finalized agreements in Sofala related to managing displaced communities, which included de-emphasizing household delimitation and focusing on land use planning.

Zambia: ILRG grantees and subcontractors, including Zambia Land Alliance (ZLA), Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS), Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO), Wildlife Producers Association of Zambia (WPAZ), and Zambia Community Resources Board Association (ZCRBA), moved forward on customary land documentation and administration, wildlife management and governance, and women’s empowerment. ILRG advanced wildlife governance trainings for community resource boards (CRBs) that will be replicated across the country and developed a program to support non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to combat gender-based violence (GBV) in the wildlife sector. ILRG financed activities to coordinate implementation of the National Land Policy. ILRG worked closely with two new USAID programs to promote the use of USAID-funded tools.

India: Harvest was completed in West Bengal, and ILRG collected quantitative and qualitative data to assess results on WEE, business metrics, and PepsiCo capacity, as well as to inform planning for the activity’s final year. Due to rains and floods, potato output and quality were below expected, and farmers had reduced profitability. Despite these challenges ILRG was able to provide 602 women and 25 men with potato package of practices (POP) training in three phases with positive results: women who attended POP and sustainable farming practice (SFP) training had better gross and net yields than women who did not receive training. Average gross and net yields for women-led demonstration farms
plots were higher than for control plots. The effects of floods were devastating for the seven women’s land leasing groups (LLGs), who all experienced a loss. During this quarter ILRG was able to deliver two trainings that had been postponed because of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A group of men
and women farmers attended empowered entrepreneurship training, and all PepsiCo staff received GBV training. A survey with PepsiCo staff revealed that their knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions related to gender equality and women’s roles in farming have improved considerably since 2019.

Liberia: ILRG’s support to customary land formalization continued this quarter with the engagement of a new partner, Foundation for Community Initiatives, to carry out a one-year grant to support eight communities in the formalization process. This complements the recently completed activities of Sustainable Development Institute as well as the finalization of customary land formalization activities by Green Advocates. Barriers remain in terms of government completion of confirmatory surveys, inter-community land dispute resolution, and deeds registration despite the completion of all steps incumbent on the community.

Malawi: ILRG continued field demarcation activities with the Malawi Land Reform Implementation Unit (LRIU), finalizing fieldwork in 10 of the 18 group village headperson areas, resulting in over 6,000 parcels completed of approximately 10,000 expected, with over 75 percent registered jointly. Land disputes are under consideration by the customary land tribunals (CLTs), and work on gender norms and women’s leadership and empowerment within customary land committees (CLCs) and traditional leaders continue to build a gender-responsive land documentation process. National learning events will begin in the coming quarter to inform the LRIU, as well as World Bank, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and other stakeholders, on land documentation processes.

Ghana Deforestation Free Cocoa: ILRG carried out final field visits to monitor the payment for ecosystem services (PES) scheme. ILRG completed the economic analysis of proposed tree tenure reform that will be further shared in a final Ghana restitution workshop.

Ghana WEE: ILRG supported Ecom Agroindustrial Corp. (ECOM) to develop a draft country-level gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) strategy, based on information from a gender audit survey and discussions with ECOM staff and the initial ILRG gender assessment with cocoa farmers. The draft GESI strategy is going through rounds of consultation and feedback from company leadership. All 135 Ghana field staff received training on key GESI concepts, gender norms, GBV, GESI in the cocoa sector, and best practices for gender-responsive and socially inclusive farmer engagement. Curricula and materials have been developed for upcoming training for 12 management staff and a training of trainers (ToT) for 40 field staff who will deliver gender equality and gender norms change training to men and women farmers. ECOM and ILRG are revising ECOM’s existing gender and Good Social Practices (GSP) training programs to strengthen GESI content and include dialogues to shift harmful gender norms that
affect division of labor, control of resources, decision-making, and gender-based violence in cocoa farming households. In keeping with the activity’s target, 2,290 men and women farmers (50/50 balance) have been registered to receive a revised training program starting in July. A total of 39 village savings and loans associations (VSLAs) with 857 women were established as a pathway for women in cocoa communities to take on leadership roles and access financial services and opportunities for diversified livelihoods.

WEE Cross-Cutting: This quarter ILRG supported USAID to prepare a learning session for the Land Advisors Community of Practice on private sector engagement, highlighting partnerships to strengthen women’s land rights in Ghana, India, and Mozambique.

Madagascar: ILRG focused on a series of land rights trainings and field visits for the Comité de Gestion du Bassin Versant Sambirano (COGEBS). A draft of the new Malagasy land law faced considerable resistance from advocacy groups, and ILRG carried out reviews of the implications of the law for USAID to engage in the donor sector. The Malagasy government revised the law, and ILRG is helping USAID document the change and its implications.

Other Activities: ILRG subcontractor International Peace Information Service (IPIS) is undertaking its third cycle of data collection on roadblocks and mining sites across eastern DRC. IPIS has met with USAID and presented at various workshops in DRC in April and June. PPA continued its development of
a “next generation PPA” concept that focuses more on direct funding and allows members to more effectively learn from one another on implementation. The new Governance Committee will be selected in the next quarter and will continue focusing on the memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the next phase. Progress on Prindex continues with a final draft prepared during the last quarter, which will lead to two upcoming learning events. On Indigenous Peoples work, ILRG has advanced its technical support to USAID/Peru through a national legal analysis of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) in the country, and subsequent questionnaire and webinar for mission staff to analyze their programmatic engagement with Indigenous Peoples. ILRG is also carrying out additional research under Sustainable Landscapes funding.

Land for Prosperity Quarterly Report (January 2023 – March 2023)

The Land for Prosperity Activity (hereafter “the Activity” or “LFP”) supports USAID/Colombia with the twin objectives of contributing to peace and stability and expanding licit livelihood options while incentivizing illicit crop substitution. The Activity is sustainably improving conditions of conflict-affected rural households through the framework of technical components, guiding principles, and enablers.

The attached document is LFP’s Quarterly Report for January 2023 – March 2023

Land for Prosperity Quarterly Report (October 2022 – December 2022)

The Land for Prosperity Activity (hereafter “the Activity” or “LFP”) supports USAID/Colombia with the twin objectives of contributing to peace and stability and expanding licit livelihood options while incentivizing illicit crop substitution. The Activity is sustainably improving conditions of conflict-affected rural households through the framework of technical components, guiding principles, and enablers.

The attached document is LFP’s Quarterly Report for October 2022 – December 2022

Artisanal Mining and Property Rights Quarterly Progress Report April – June 2022

The Artisanal Mining and Property Rights (AMPR) project supports the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to improve land and resource governance and strengthen property rights for all members of society, especially women. It serves as USAID’s vehicle for addressing complex land and resource issues around artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in the Central African Republic (CAR) using a multidisciplinary approach. The project focuses primarily on diamond—and to a lesser extent, gold—production as well as providing targeted technical assistance to other USAID Missions and Operating Units (OUs) in addressing land and resource governance issues within the ASM sector. AMPR builds upon activities and lessons from the Property Rights and Artisanal Diamond Development (PRADD I and II) projects. The AMPR contract was signed on September 28, 2018, for an initial base period of three years with two option years, which were granted in June 2020. The present report summarizes progress during Quarter 3 of AMPR’s third year of project implementation.

ILAW Quarterly Report: January 1 – March 31, 2022

The goal of the Improving Land Access for Women (ILAW) Activity is to increase social cohesion, reduce land conflicts, and empower women to contribute to their communities economically by strengthening their legal access to land in the Northern and Western regions of Côte d’Ivoire (CDI). ILAW will achieve this goal through two performance objectives: Objective 1 – Empower communities in Northern and Western CDI through awareness raising, advocacy, and communication campaigns on land and women’s rights in Western and Northern CDI; and Objective 2 – Strengthen women’s access to legal and conflict mediation services in rural and urban areas to ensure their access to land in Northern and Western CDI.

The ILAW Activity runs from 2021 to 2024 as a Task Order under the Strengthening Tenure and Resource Rights (STARR) II Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contract. The ILAW Activity is implemented in two zones of the country: the northern zone encompassing the regions of Poro, Béré, and Tchologo; and the western zone encompassing the regions of Cavally, Guémon, and Tonkpi. ILAW implements its activities in close partnership with local organizations Rural Organization in Korhogo (ARK), Humanitarian Assistance and Development Council (CAHD), Initiative for Dialogue and Research Action for Peace (INDIGO), and Association of Women Legal Practitioners in Côte d’Ivoire (AFJCI).

As approved by the USAID Contracting Officer’s Representative, the present Quarterly Progress Report covers the period from January 1 – March 31, 2022

Integrated Land and Resource Governance (ILRG) Quarterly Report January – March 2022

Key Accomplishments and Challenges

Mozambique: ILRG’s subcontractors carrying out the first round of work related to Grupo Madal and Green Resources SA (GRAS) have all finished or are in the final phases of their work. ILRG continues to pursue discussions with the National Directorate of Land on its concerns about delimitation of parcels outside of the formal titling process, with a technical meeting to be scheduled early in the next quarter. New activities for the final 18 months of the ILRG program have been designed and are being modified to enable startup of work even while discussions with the directorate continue. These involve new support for Madal’s extension system with neighboring farmers and delimitation of communities around Madal’s plantations; support to nine communities in management of plantations renounced last year by GRAS; and support to displaced people and host communities in Sofala.

Zambia: ILRG grantees and subcontractors, including Zambia Land Alliance (ZLA), Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS), Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO), Wildlife Producers Association of Zambia (WPAZ), and Zambia Community Resources Board Association (ZCRBA), each began field implementation of new agreements on customary land documentation and administration, wildlife management and governance, and women’s empowerment. ILRG trained a cohort of 25 civil society mid-level natural resource management social outreach officers in women’s leadership and empowerment through an in-person and ongoing course. A consultant was hired to advance relationships with the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources following a meeting between the US Chargé d’Affaires and the minister. Relationships were advanced with two new USAID landscape programs in the Eastern Kafue and North Luangwa ecosystems.

India: This quarter was peak potato season in West Bengal. Untimely heavy rains and floods in early December, during potato planting, greatly affected the season and project activities. Yield is expected to be much lower than originally anticipated; farmers and aggregators experienced financial loss, with many farmers opting not to plant PepsiCo potatoes. Three out of 10 women’s land leasing groups and one women-led demonstration farm out of 12 decided not to proceed. Despite these challenges, project activities reached over 1,100 women farmers in 12 communities,1 who benefited from a variety of activities such as potato agronomy training, Sustainable Farming Practice (SFP) training, technical support from Community Agronomists, participation in Farmers’ Field Days at demonstration farms, and household-level gender norms change training. ILRG developed and implemented a comprehensive assessment plan to capture quantitative and qualitative data on impact related to WEE and business key performance indicators. As most farmers harvested their crops towards the end of the reporting period, results from the season will be shared in the next quarter.

Liberia: Sustainable Development Institute (SDI) finished their support to 31 communities in Lofa, Maryland, and River Gee Counties through the collection and confirmation of community boundary data. All 31 communities received a Certificate of Completion of Community Self-Identification at the National Land Conference in early March, which formally recognized them as customary land-owning communities. Green Advocates International (GAI) continued work in the five ILRG-supported communities in Nimba County, conducting awareness raising of the boundary harmonization process and training communities in alternative dispute resolution. ILRG competed a request for applications for a third grant focusing on customary land rights formalization; the resulting grant agreement is expected to be finalized early in the next quarter.

Malawi: ILRG continues to support the Government of Malawi in the land documentation efforts in 18 group village headpersons (GVHs) in Traditional Area (TA) Mwansambo. ILRG selected and trained 16 data collectors (nine women and seven men) and eight data processors (five women and three men) early in the quarter and established an office for processing data in Nkhotakota. Data on over 1,300 parcels was collected within the first month of work. ILRG engaged consultants and began implementation of three different workshops, focusing on women’s empowerment and leadership for women in customary land committees (CLCs); household gender norms dialogues with men and women; and gender norms dialogues with traditional authorities.

Ghana Deforestation Free Cocoa: The team finalized details of the payment for ecosystem services (PES) scheme developed in partnership with Ecom Agroindustrial Corp. (ECOM) and Hershey; the standard operating procedures were finalized and reviewed with the communities. ILRG submitted the draft economic analysis of proposed tree tenure reform to USAID and will revise in response to USAID comments early in the next quarter.

Ghana WEE: ILRG partner ECOM’s Sustainable Management Services (SMS) onboarded a Gender and Sustainability Specialist, who will coordinate implementation in Ghana, including engagement at company and farmer levels. The Gender and Inclusion Specialist is leading the development of a country gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) policy, which will be informed by ECOM’s global sustainability strategy and information collected through a gender audit style survey with all management and field staff, completed over this quarter. ECOM SMS and ILRG are revising the company’s existing gender and Good Social Practices (GSP) training programs to strengthen gender content and include dialogues to shift harmful gender norms that hinder women’s access to resources, which will be delivered to up to 2,290 farmers (50 percent women) in 65 communities. Over this quarter farmer sensitization began, reaching over 1,100 farmers. ECOM SMS also held meetings with local stakeholders, including local government, to gain their support and buy-in. As part of activities to diversify economic opportunities for women in cocoa communities, ECOM SMS mobilized 391 women farmers who formed 15 village savings and loans associations (VSLAs) in 12 communities.

WEE Cross-Cutting: ILRG developed, published, and disseminated external and internal communications materials for International Women’s Day (IWD). A blog post highlighting women leading land and resource governance in India, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia was published and promoted through social media. A series of short messages with stories of women who are leading their communities towards inclusive land and resource governance were shared with around 130 staff and partners across all program countries. ILRG supported USAID to deliver a learning session for the land advisors community of practice on gender norms change.

Madagascar: The ILRG Madagascar team continued to provide technical support to the Comité du Gestion du Bassin Sambirano (COGEBS) to provide training to its members on land tenure and property rights. The two-person team of land specialists offered a two-hour introduction to the tenure issues of the valley to the General Assembly and will carry out a more in-depth three-day training for key stakeholders after the rainy season passes. A study tour for the COGEBS Executive Committee to the Boeney region to learn of successful land securitization programs is planned for July, accompanied by advocacy meetings in Antananarivo. The team completed and presented a strategic document on administrative ways to address the issue of ex-Indigenous Reserves.

Other Activities: ILRG supported the PPA in planning a third phase and new memorandum of understanding (MoU) governing its activities and continued planning for member-focused and external stakeholder engagement opportunities. ILRG continued to support subcontractor International Peace Information Service (IPIS) in mapping artisanal mine sites and conflict financing dynamics in eastern DRC. This work has extended to information sharing with local monitoring committees, multi-stakeholder fora, and United States government (USG) and DRC government stakeholders. With respect to work on Prindex collaboration, ILRG is preparing a revised report on the data collection and analysis, responding to USAID and peer feedback; the executive summary of that report will be the basis for producing a lessons learned brief. Additional research activities in support of USAID are also underway.

Artisanal Mining and Property Rights Annual Progress Report for Gender Livelihoods: September 1, 2020 – August 31, 2021

Throughout Y3, the Artisanal Mining and Property Rights (AMPR) project, with the support of subcontractor Association des Femmes pour la Promotion de l’Entreprenariat (Association of Women for the Promotion of Entrepreneurship, AFPE) continued support to women in the mining sector. To guarantee a commitment to gender equity for the various stakeholders, the activities implemented were developed on the basis of AMPR’s Gender Action Plan (GAP) prepared in 2019. The GAP’s objective ensured that women and men have the opportunities to participate and benefit equally from AMPR’s activities. This activity is guided by a theory of change centered on the premise that the diamond economy creates the demand for agricultural commodities and processed foods primarily needed by the large labor force mining diamonds and gold. Women are the foundation of the agricultural and food processing economy. Technical assistance should thus be provided to women agricultural producers to enable them to better capture market opportunities generated by the local artisanal mining economy, one of the few export-oriented economies in the southwest of the Central African Republic (CAR).
This report covers the gender-related activities carried out under the DPAM project from October 2020 through August 2021.