The United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Integrated Land and Resource Governance (ILRG) program has developed a capacity assessment framework (CAF) focused on land tenure and resource governance. It is comprised of this document (the framework) and the accompanying application tool (the tool). There is also an accompanying video tutorial. The CAF documents and measures the progress of capacity-building activities toward enabling improved land and resource governance (LRG) capacity development outcomes. The CAF builds on and complements USAID’s self-reliance metrics, particularly the capacity metrics that focus on government capacity, civil society capacity, and citizen capacity. The CAF measures the effectiveness of capacity-building interventions/activities and offers a dynamic approach to track how capacities develop or change as a result of explicit efforts to cause such change.