Landscape approach is increasingly implemented aimed to improved land-use governance. It is seen as a promising approach addressing the ideal goal in conservation, and environment protec-tion while supporting development. Nonetheless, the implementation is challenging. There are cases of programs were discontinued when a project was withdrawn, due to large coverage area, transboundary, high cost or poor coordination with formal agencies. Aimed to have a long-term impact on land-use improvement, we develop a framework implemented at the sub-landscape as part of a bigger landscape. The framework then adopted into three tiers of processes, conducted in parallel. The tiers include a community participation on a spatial planning process through zoning to recognize and redefined conflicted land use zones. Correlate the program with exist-ing government planning instruments is also key. The goals are to improve stakeholders coordi-nation between the communities, private, government, and establish a social cohesion on the same environmental services. We study the implementation at two sub landscapes in Indonesia with two specific focus, a watershed in Aceh Province and mitigation for fire-prone peatland in Central Kalimantan. Regardless the context specificity, these landscapes are representing Indonesia and other similar countries with common land-use issues.
Key Words: Indonesia, landscape approach, participatory mapping, watershed, zoning