USAID has been a strong supporter of the development and implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT). USAID currently is investing $215 million in land tenure programs in 23 countries that are helping to implement many of the principles and practices outlined in the VGGT. And USAID is not alone; FAO, ILC, LPI and many other donors and organizations continue to work with governments and at country-level to ensure that the VGGT are realized.
The VGGT is an internationally negotiated document by the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) under the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO). The negotiations, chaired by the United States, occurred over a nine month period and involved 96 member countries and over 30 civil society organizations. The document was adopted by the CFS in May 2012; attention will now shift to implementation of the guidelines.
National policies and customs on tenure vary widely from country to country, even between countries in the same region. The VGGT provide a framework for countries to use in the establishment of laws and policies, strategies, and programs which clarify and secure tenure rights. It accommodates for many differing viewpoints on ‘Best Practices’ and introduces a broad range of structures that can be relevant in all parts of the world.
The final (adopted) draft of the VGGT are now available from the FAO website in the following languages:
Released May 2012: Voluntary Guidelines At A Glance (PDF, 234kb)