Research and Learning Agenda for Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Colombia

In partnership with USAID/Colombia, INRM’s Mining Horizon activity developed a cross-cutting research and learning agenda for artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) in Colombia. The agenda identifies five key learning questions and 23 subquestions, spanning strategic points of intervention for legalization and formalization, integration of ASGM in environmental and development goals, leveraging points in supply chains, government, and institutional capacity to implement ASGM policies, and lessons learned from past ASGM interventions and policies. The agenda is also designed to generate and share evidence to contribute to enhanced learning for artisanal and small-scale mining-related strategies, projects, and activities across USAID’s portfolio, including regional strategies implemented by the Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean. USAID/Colombia and collaborators can use the agenda to foster collective learning, guide inclusive decision-making and program implementation, reduce duplication of efforts, and maximize the impact of research and programmatic investments.

The Relationship Between Medium-Scale Farms and Deforestation in Sub-Saharan Africa

This concept note summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding the pace and drivers of deforestation in Sub-Saharan Africa and the emergence of medium-scale farms across the region (Section 2). Section 3 presents a conceptual framework of the plausible linkages between medium-scale farms and deforestation. Section 4 reviews what is currently known regarding how medium-scale farms contribute to deforestation. Section 4 also identifies data needed to more precisely understand the link between medium-scale farms and deforestation and options for simultaneously supporting agricultural productivity growth and the protection of forests. We review the information collected in four widely used farm-household surveys. As there are numerous gaps in what is currently known, Section 5 identifies priority issues for future research, focusing on both study design/sampling considerations and a set of research questions that merit study.