The Integrated Land and Resource Governance (ILRG) program—managed by the E3/Land and Urban Office—is a broad, multi-faceted field support mechanism available for field Missions and USAID/Washington operating units to buy into for activities through July 2021. ILRG can provide short- and long-term technical assistance, analytical services, and field implementation in four areas:
- Supporting the development of progressive and inclusive land and resource laws and policy;
- Assisting policy implementation, including clarifying, documenting, registering, and administering rights to land and resources;
- Building the capacity of local institutions to improve equitable and secure land and resource tenure; and
- Facilitating responsible land-based investment that creates optimized outcomes for communities, investors, and the public.
ILRG is a highly flexible field support Task Order under the Strengthening Tenure and Resource Rights (STARR) II IDIQ managed by the E3/Land and Urban Office and designed to apply the benefits of land and resource management to other USAID Mission and Bureaus development objectives.
ILRG can be used to support several strategic USG foreign assistance initiatives and earmarks, including:
- Democracy and Rule of Law
- Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment
- Feed the Future
- Conflict Mitigation and Management
- Economic Growth
- Biodiversity and Natural Resource Management
- Global Climate Change
Technical Services & Illustrative Activities
ILRG’s suite of technical services includes assessments, legal support, private sector engagement, capacity building for government and civil society, piloting projects, and testing and deploying technology and innovation. On issues associated with land tenure and resource governance, ILRG can also provide flexible, timely, high-quality, on-demand short-term technical assistance with needs and project planning assessments. Illustrative activities under ILRG, which can help support missions, include:
- Technical assistance to national land policymakers;
- Capacity building of governments to support – and companies to undertake – responsible land-based investments, including developing or supporting mobile or online grievance mechanisms that allow legitimate land holders to communicate with investors about their concerns;
- Programs to mitigate violence against women asserting their rights to land, strengthen women’s property rights and economic empowerment, and support female leaders through increasing female representation within customary or statutory land administration processes;
- Support that facilitates access to courts, paralegals, and alternative dispute resolution structures to address land disputes and conflicts;
- Engagement with local partners to bolster capacity development providers such as local universities and vocational and technical schools, in a local demand-driven process to identify needs, interests, and gaps in the land and resource governance capacity of local institutions;
- Pilot development to map, evaluate, document, and register land and resource rights.
ILRG’s engagements to date have been focused on four countries: Ghana, India, Mozambique, and Zambia. In Ghana, the project collaborates with the private sector (Hershey’s) to test a farm rehabilitation and land tenure strengthening model to increase cocoa productivity and reduce deforestation around smallholder cocoa farms. In India, the project supports a partnership between USAID and PepsiCo to economically empower women in PepsiCo’s potato supply chain. In Mozambique, the project supports communities to document their land rights, make decisions about land use, resolve land disputes, and be prepared to engage with private sector agribusiness. In Zambia, the project supports the land policy process, customary land administration and service delivery, capacity-building for civil society and government, and natural resource governance and tenure around protected areas to improve wildlife management.